Friday, 23 January 2015

Totem Poles!

We just completed one of my favourite art projects of the year. Our current topic is Road Trip USA, which has a particular focus on Native Americans. As the children had enjoyed their totem spoons so much, we decided to go down the totem pole path. During my quest on Pinterest for some totem pole art inspiration, I came across a huge range of amazing ideas. My attention was caught by these 3D totem poles by Ms. Gram and I originally planned to model my lesson around hers. The totem pole presentation that Ms.Gram had put together was very useful and served as a great hook. Unfortunately, some of the thicker posterboard was quite difficult to obtain so I went with a similar lesson to this brilliant idea from Thomas Elementary Art. Not only were the results outstanding, but I thought as a class we could use some extra collage practice so this was ideal.

We learnt about what totem poles were and where they originated. This led to a really interesting discussion about animal symbolism and what sort of animal we would compare ourselves to. Furthermore, we read "Totem Tale" by Deb Vanasse to improve our understanding.

List of animals and symbolism
Coloured paper
Glue/glue sponges
Objects for drawing shapes (cup for circle etc)

The aim of this project was to select an animal with symbolism that the children felt matched their own personality. They would then need to create a stylised version of this animal using only cut up coloured paper. Once completed, these could be attached one on top of the other to produce a class totem pole.

After looking at the presentation by Ms Gram, we spent the first lesson sketching ideas into our book of stylised animals. It was tricky for the children to only use the page as their animal's entire face/body and resist the urge to draw an outline. This required lots of practice and reinforcement about what stylised means and how this effect can be created.

The children were set homework to choose their animal and produce a coloured sketch of their finished product. The next lesson, children had an hour to turn these sketches into their finished, collage totem pole pieces. I was very impressed with their efficiency!

Here is the rough process:

1. Get your coloured paper ready. We kept our plans nearby for extra help
2. I showed the class how to cut their paper. The first instruction was to fold their paper (not the base paper) in half. We learnt about how to get symmetrical shapes by drawing half of the shape along the fold and cutting it out. We also learnt that if you want two identical shapes you should cut them out away from the fold. They really listened to this carefully!

3. Build up your totem piece. Really focus on layer on layer to create that stylised effect, using the colours well.
4. Add any final additions (like ears!) and you're done.

5. When they're all done you can assemble totem pieces on top of each other to form your totem pole:

I had told the children that it didn't matter if their chosen animal was not present in North America. They could choose any animal as long as they could justify their choice (which is why we have a few monkeys etc!)

Here we are at work with some excellent results:

This was definitely my favourite art project since I joined my school September 2013. I'm so pleased that all students could succeed and be proud of their work, even those who would insist that they 'can't do art!' I'm very excited for our next project which will be based on Native American headdresses.

Once again, super job 4B!


Saturday, 17 January 2015

Native American Totem Spoons and Geese

The potions, lava lamp and plasma ball have all been take away from my classroom and been replaced by a brand new, exciting topic: ROAD TRIP USA. This is set to be a fascinating look into modern day USA with some focus on the Native Americans, also.

We mark the start of each new topic with a memorable experience. In the morning, we watched the amazing film Pocahontas and the afternoon involved a Native American rotation where children spent time in each of the 3 classrooms with a different activity. In one, they were learning about the states and tribes that originated there. In another, they were learning about the Mikmaq tribe's legend of the Wild Goose and they were creating their own totem spoons out of clay in the third.

I came across a picture on Pinterest with a totem spoon and thought it'd be a lovely art lesson to attempt. They learnt that a totem tells a story and the spoon is symbolic of sharing. Due to being pushed for time, children only had about 40 minutes to construct their totem spoon that had to convey something about them. They were painted in another 40 minute session and will be glazed next week.

In another room, the focus was on Mikmaq Geese Migration using this website which is where the great idea came from. We read the legend of the Mikmaq geese and talked about migration and how the geese were in charge of looking after the other bird. Next, we went through a few slides on the board showing how they would construct their piece of art.

To save time, I had pre-cut a rough bird outline onto black card. Children could then choose 2 colours and decorate the goose with cut up pieces of paper to act as feathers. I modelled how to fold paper and then cut to produce more feathers which would save them valuable time! Most of the students followed the guide well but a few went off-tangent but still ended up with a good outcome. Here's how they turned out:

The next post will be to share our work on totem poles. We just finished constructing them yesterday and I am INCREDIBLY proud of how they turned out. The children listened so carefully and put a lot of effort in. I look forward to showing you. Well done 4B!